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Transmission (deb)

Install transmission

sudo apt-get install transmission-cli transmission-common transmission-daemon

Configure

transmission-daemon will start automatically each time you start your server, with the settings defined in /var/lib/transmission-daemon/info/settings.json

Make sure the Transmission daemon is not running when changing the config file otherwise your changes will be over written.

sudo systemctl stop transmission-daemon

Now we need to change a few settings.

sudo nano /var/lib/transmission-daemon/info/settings.json

Username and Password

The default rpc-username and password is “transmission”

Change the default user name and password under rpc-username and rpc password change it to whatever you want (any password will work).

"rpc-password": "{62b16db87b89a91dd49a5110a7cafc06d20eb4f2wtK6kqPj",
"rpc-username": "transmission",

Whitelist

This must be changed for remote access

rpc-whitelist defines access to transmission. Localhost (127.0.0.1) is defined by default. We need to add,192.268.*.* to allow any machine on my LAN access.

"rpc-whitelist": "127.0.0.1,192.168.*.*",

You will also have to set the “umask” parameter in Transmission’s settings file to “2” (default is 18) for the account user to have full access to files/folders created by Transmission.

"umask": 2,

Default File Directory

By default transmission stores the torrents to the following path

/var/lib/transmission-daemon/downloads/

Here I changed the following lines

"download-dir': "/media/server/downloads"
"incomplete-dir": "media/server/downloads"

Configure Users and Permissions

I change that but first, we also need to set up the necessary permissions to transmission. Add user to the “debian-transmission” group, for the following command don’t forget to change the $user to your user.

sudo usermod -a -G debian-transmission $user

change the folder ownership

sudo chgrp debian-transmission /media/server 

grant write access to the group

sudo chmod 770 /media/server

It is recommended that Transmission runs under it’s own username for security reasons.

Transmission Restart

After configuration change, restart transmission

 sudo systemctl start transmission-daemon 

Bash Aliases

Create shortcuts add the following bash aliases to /home/user/.bash_aliases

sudo nano /home/user/.bash_aliases
alias t-start='sudo service transmission-daemon start'
alias t-stop='sudo service transmission-daemon stop'
alias t-reload='sudo service transmission-daemon reload'
alias t-list='transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -l'
alias t-basicstats='transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -st'
alias t-fullstats='transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -si'
source /home/user/.bash_aliases

Example

user@SVR:~$ t-list

will run

transmission-remote -n ‘transmission:transmission’ -l

Web Interface

With your browser you can now add torrents, download and seed. You can also configure many transmission settings.

http://server-ip:9091

Port Forward

There are many options but one of the more important one’s is port forwarding

Check your ports are open

Edit

2015-02-08 10_49_13-.png

Port Forward

TransmissionWebConfig.png

If you port says “closed” you will need to configure your internet router to forward the correct port to your Transmission server/client. Google “How to port forward”

If you don’t use “Port Forward” another option is “UPnP”. Once again this depends on you internet router setup.

Command Line Interface

With a headless server full control of Transmission requires CLI

Transmission Create

Create a torrent file with transmission CLI. Torrent files can be generated from either a single file or directories. The example below is a directory example

transmission-create -o /var/lib/transmission-daemon/downloads/files.torrent -c "My comments" -t udp://tracker.openbittorrent.com:80 -t udp://open.demonii.com:1337 -t udp://tracker.coppersurfer.tk:6969 -t udp://tracker.leechers-paradise.org:6969 ~/torrent/complete/

-o /var/lib/transmission-daemon/downloads/files.torrent

New torrent name and where to store the torrent

-c “My comments”

Any comments to be attached to the file

-t udp://tracker.openbittorrent.com:80

-t udp://open.demonii.com:1337

-t udp://tracker.coppersurfer.tk:6969

-t udp://tracker.leechers-paradise.org:6969

Trackers for the torrents, more than one tracker is recommended in case one or more goes down.

~/torrent/complete/

Directory to be made into a torrent. If a single file is required use this format “/var/lib/transmission-daemon/downloads/MyFile.txt”

For more information about “transmission-create”

transmission-create -h

Add a Torrent

To add a torrent to the daemon, use this command:

transmission-remote -a [path to file].torrent

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -a /var/lib/transmission-daemon/downloads/files.torrent

Torrent Information

Display information about torrent’s being downloaded

Help information

transmission-remote -h

List all torrents

Note Authentication is required

transmission-remote -n ‘username:password’ -l

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -l

Basic Stats All Torrents

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -st

Full Stats All Torrents

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -si

Torrent #3 Full Stats

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -t 3 -f

Torrent #3 Summary Stats

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -t 3 -i

Transmission Control

Start all torrents

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -s

Stop all torrents

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -S

Start a specific torrent

transmission-remote -s [hash]

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -s -t 3

Stop a specific torrent

transmission-remote -S [hash]

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -S -t 3

Remove all torrents

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -r

Remove a specific torrent

transmission-remote -r [hash]

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -r -t 3

Get hashes for all torrents

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -i

Quit the daemon

transmission-remote -n 'transmission:transmission' -q

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